Thursday, 30 June 2016

SELECTING MEDICAL STUDENTS IN SYDNEY

STUDY IN SYDEY UNIVERSITY




Selecting students medical program is always difficult . Hundred more apply there are placed available and we, like other medical school,have developed criteria to assess candidates both for their ability to succeed in the medical program and,more ambitiously, as a medical practitioner.

It is however , an inexact science . statement to this are the many different methods used, around the world to assess people who seek to undertake medical studies , including aptitude tests, prior university or school performance , different types of interview , portfolios of volunteer work, and occasionally , even via a ballot . The selection criteria and process is very important since most of those admitted to study medicine graduate as medical practitioners.

When graduate medical program started in 1996, we changed the type of person who entered this medical school,. The decision to move to a graduate program    was taken because we saw a value in having students who where older , had made a mature decision to study medicine and who brought a diversity of educational experience to their medical studies. this year , we have implemented changes to our application process . Students now apply direct to sydney medical school rather than through the consortium of graduate medical school.


More info sydney.edu.au/graduate_options

Wednesday, 29 June 2016

LIFE CYCLE OF SCHISTOSOMA

LIFE CYCLE







*the stage in the snail include two generation of SPOROCYST
*after sporocyst,cercariae are produce within the snail
*Upon release from the snail  the infective cercariae swim, penetret theskin of the  human host
*During penetration to the human host the cercariae shed their forkedtail and become schistomalae and schistomulae migrate through several tissue and stages to their residence in the veins and mature into adult worms.
*Adult worms in human reside in the mecenteric venulesin varias location , which at time seem to be specific schistosoma japonicum is more frequently found in the Superior mesenteric vein,draining the small intestine schistosoma manson occur more often the superior   mecenterih vein draining the large intestine.
*Both japonicum and schistosoma manson can occupy either location and capable of moving beatween sites schistosomahaematobium most often occur in the venous plexus of bladder ,but it can also found in the rectal venules.
*the female deposite eggs in the small venules of the postal and perivesical system
*The eggs are moved proglessively towards the lumen of the intestine schistosoma manson and schistosoma japonicum in the bladder and ureters schistosoma haematobium and are eliminated with faeces or urine .
*Respectively various animals such as Dogs,cats,rodents ,pigs,horses and goats,serves as reservoirs for schistosoma japonicum.
DIAGNOSTIC
*observation of oval or eggs in stool or urine.
*formal ether concetration-this is a technique used to diagnos as sample is stool, we shall add formal with stool,formal used to clean all particals in stool for identify parasite that present in human body  
DISEASE
*the disease cauced by schistosoma species or clinical comlication are
schistomiasis haematobium (Bilhazia) associated with several condition
*malignancy of bladder
*ulceration of the urinary bladder
*Haematuria
*swimmers itch
*Katayama disease.




ABOUT SCHISTOSOMA

SCHISTOSOMA
flukes parasitic worms
class trematoda
plylum plathelminthes(flat worms)

SCHISTOSOMA SPECIES
 1)schistosoma haematobium
2) schistosoma manson
3)schistosoms japonicam
4)schistosoma mekongi

*Other name of schistosoma is Bilhazia orsnail fever.
schistosoma cause schistomiasis
HABITAT
-Urinary tract
-intestine
schistosoma haematobium is endemic parasite its spesial in Africa
VECTOR
-vector of schistomiasis ic snail

MODE OF TRASMITION AND LIFE CYCLE OF SCHISTOSOMA HAEMATOBIUM
-through swimming,walking and bathing in the contaminated water with cercariae.Transmition involve the snail as intermediate host in which intective stage.Human is infected through penetration of unbroken skin, with cercarial (this is infective stage).Egg are eliminated with faeces or urine.Under optical conditions the egg hatch and release miracidium.Miracidium swimm and penetratespecific snail



AFRICANS LIFE

AFRICANS PEOPLE




 Africans are so poor, because of there GOVERNMENT ARE far from them,

 HOW TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM
 To solve this problem needed unit between government with people ( socials) EDUCATION About education is problem in many countries , lot of them they are not know to study, write ,and they not know them right in their count,such as to study, to get health, to live, to vote any leader , to be a leader , to learning any law in specific count , to merry, and to pray. HOW TO SOLVE 1)To educate all people and give them right 2)To assure they are know them right 3)To prove they health service 4)To give them diet for making good health 5)To educate about some disease that can affect them like MALARIA This is disease that cause with parasite known as PLASIMODIA VECTOR of this disease known as FEMALE MOSQUITO of genus Anopheles EPIDEMIOLOGY Malaria is very common in tropical and sub tropical countries -Transimition of malaria do not occur in <16 and="">33'C 
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<16 and="">SPECIES OF PLASMODIA
<16 and=""> 1)Plasmodia malariae 2)plasmodia vivax 3)plasmodia Falcipalam 4)plasmodia ovale 5)plasmodia known HABITAT OF PLASMODIUM 1)Live inside of gut of female anopheles mosquito